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The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.

Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail through the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office inside the colonies, many of which continue to be around today.

In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York set up a monthly mailing post between New York City and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which is a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and is also considered one of the oldest roads in America.

In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania along with a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to a different.

Most importantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 through the British Crown to start a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.

By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights towards the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.

In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for your colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man by the name of John Foxcroft of brand new York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak from the Revolutionary War.

Throughout his time being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements inside the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue Login inside the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were laid out. The first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York City, and also the travel time have been shortened in two.

William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was outside of the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were for use to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies get together to form a United Postal Service. He thought that this is a way to separate the colonies’ mail through the British postal inspectors. In this way they might communicate colonial news just to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence was signed

By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties by the Crown for his actions. The crown believed that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today because the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an unbiased government. One of the first questions before the delegates was how you can convey and provide the mail.

With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications involving the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that became the Post Office Hours Sunday nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus towards the British Postmaster General.

Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as much others, to meet George Washington’s dream about an information highway involving the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that being a nation, we might forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.

America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis of the postal service which has performed magnificently for your American people.